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Date:   28 July, 2009
Focus: Small animals - dogs, cats, hamsters & rabbits


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First-time puppy owner's challenges
Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow), MRCVS
July 25, 2009 
DRAFT REPORT

 

Date: Sun, 28 Jun 2009 16:24:40 -0700
From: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Subject: Re: first time dog owner enquiries
To: XXX

Thank you for your email. Please see reply below.


From:XXX <XXX>
Subject: first time dog owner enquiries
To: judy@toapayohvets.com
Date: Sunday, June 28, 2009, 5:49 PM

Hi Dr Sing
 
I read alot about dog training on your website and they were extremely educational! Thank you for the useful advices.
 
I am a first time dog owner and is expecting my male golden retriever of 2 months old to arrive in about 2 weeks time. I have done alot of reading up and research.  I am living in a 2 storey landed property. The playpen is made up of 4 corners in my porch, measuring about 150cm x 150cm. It's poop scoop will also be within the play pen but placed on the opposite side of the sofa bed since puppies love a clean area to sleep at. As it is still a puppy and untrained, i intend to lay the whole playpen area with only newspapers and poop scoop first. until it is toilet trained, i will introduce the sofa bed and replace the newspapers on the floor with rubber mat.

IS THE POOP SCOOP A PEE-PAN? 
 
As the following below are based on what i understand, please do correct me if I'm wrong.
 
1. We will try to make the journey(car ride) back home a pleasant one so as to ease the puppy's stress. Confine him to his play pen to let him familiarise with the new environment and strictly no rough play between 2-3days to prevent stress. Feed him at regular timings(3x/day, last meal and water at 7pm) from the start to estimate his elimination time. Whenever he's going to eliminate, quickly place him on the poo scoop(with toilet training aid sprayed on it) and firmly say 'pee here'. Reward/praise him if he has done so. If not, pat on his back and sternly say 'No'. Repeat this training as often as we can until he can successfully eliminate on the poo scoop himself. Till then, replace those newspapers on the floor with rubber mat. If he accidentally eliminate on wrong areas, use white vinegar and water(1:4) to remove smell.

KEEP TOILET TRAINING IN PLAY PEN SIMPLE.
I ADVISE THAT YOU COVER THE FLOOR AND THE POOP SCOOP (PEE PAN) 100% FOR THE FIRST 1-3 DAYS. SEE WHICH CORNER THE PUPPY ELIMINATES. REDUCE NEWSPAPERS TO THAT 'DIRTY AREA'. KEEP THE SLEEPING AREA VERY CLEAN. CHANGE PAPERS REGULARLY AND AS SOON AS IT IS SOILED.

 *Is it okay if I do not clear up his accidental mess (before he is toilet trained) from 12am-8am since it's my sleeping time?
NOT OK BUT THIS IS NOT PRACTICAL ADVICE AS YOU NEED TO SLEEP. IF A PERSON CAN SLEEP NEAR THE PUPPY AND CHANGE THE SOILED PAPERS AT THAT TIME, THE PUPPY CAN BE PAPER-TRAINED SUCCESSFULLY IN <7 DAYS (IN SOME CASES). 

Will his health be affected? NO

In what cases will the puppy eat or step on its own poo? How can we prevent this?  AT FIRST 7 DAYS, IF YOU GIVE SUFFICIENT SPACE FOR THE PUPPY TO SLEEP, UNLIKELY TO STEP ON POO IN MOST CASES. EATING POO IS A HABIT IN A FEW PUPPIES. YOURS MAY NOT DO IT. PREVENTION IS BY REMOVAL OF POO IMMEDIATELY AND OTHER METHODS ARE NOT SO SUCCESSFUL.
 
2. After he feels comfortable and secure already(gets excited when he sees me), engage him with obedience trainings and daily walks around the neighbourhood. Call out his name frequently until he can look or respond to me, afterwhich reward him. Keep these trainings to 15mins each time, 3 times a day, since puppies have short concentration.

ROUTINE IS VERY IMPORTANT FOR PUPPIES AND CHILDREN TOO. GET A TIME TABLE TO DO THE FEEDING, EXERCISES AND TRAINING.
 
*Must we teach him to 'sit' on one day, 'stay' on another day or we can mix them together? Like teaching him how to 'sit' 'stay' 'go' in 1 day? Which is recommended?

MUCH DEPENDS ON THE INTELLIGENCE OF THE PUPPY. ALL 3 COMMANDS CAN BE DONE IN ONE DAY AT DIFFERENT TIMES
 
3. I dont intend to let the dog into my house. Do I train him similarly like the above? Pat him and say sternly 'No' if he tries to enter and reward him if he stay put?

YES

Will he eventually try his luck to enter the house?
NO PUPPY WILL GIVE UP TRYING TO JOIN THE PACK LEADER (YOU) BUT IF YOU ARE FIRM AND HE IS INTELLIGENT, HE WILL NOT DO SO LATER.

Also, I have a 1.2m deep fish pond near the porch. I will use fences to block up the area if i remove him from play pen. Is there a fast and effective way to train him not to enter these areas?

NO QUICKIE METHOD UNFORTUNATELY. PUPPIES TAKES 2-4 WEEKS TO LEARN IF GIVEN LESSONS FREQUENTLY IN SHORT 5-10 MINUTES AND POSITIVE REWARDS (FOOD TREATS BEST).

The pond is quite an issue as I have an ariwana which will definitely injure my dog if he falls in.

FENCE UP POND TO PREVENT PUPPY DROWNING
 
4. I dont intend to put him on leash him since he is still a puppy. I'll start to leash him up when he can jump out of the fence and start to chew on objects. I will also introduce the anti chew spray to minimise the damages on my properties. Until he is properly trained, knowing exactly where it is safe for him to wander about, I will not leash him up.

CRATE HIM AT ALL TIMES WHEN YOU ARE NOT AROUND TO SUPERVISE HIM.
 
*At what age will he start to chew on things
AS EARLY AS HE CAN CHEW, FROM WEEK 4 ONWARDS

 and should be sterilized?

6 MONTHS OR 3 MONTHS AFTER THE FIRST HEAT. THAT IS MY PERSONAL OPINION.

After sterilization, what are the changes in his temperaments, habits and lifestyle?

A MALE WILL BE LESS AGGRESSIVE OR WANTING TO URINE-MARK OR MOUNT OJECTS. BOTH FEMALE AND MALES WILL BE LESS ACTIVE GENERALLY. IT DEPENDS ON OWNER AND PUPPY INTERACTIONS AND FEEDING. TOO MUCH TO EXPLAIN IN THIS EMAIL. 

 
5. At what age should he start the heartworm prevention program? DEPENDS ON YOUR VET BUT GENERALLY AT BEFORE/AROUND 6 MONTHS.

To avoid ticks and fleas, it's best to avoid dirty and long grassy areas. It is best to comb and rub some powder on him after walks.  CHECK PAWS FOR TICKS. DAILY GROOMING TO CHECK FLEAS AND TICKS.
 
6. Can I feed him with a small bowl of warm milk (the kind that i drink but with min lactose) every night before i go to sleep, which is around 10-11pm?

SOME PUPPIES WILL NOT GET DIARRHOEA WITH MILK BUT SOME DO. DEPENDS ON PUPPY'S STOMACH TOLERANCE TO MILK.

 
7. Can I feed him supplements (glucosamine750mg and chondroitin300mg, in liquid form) at such a young age? I intend to give him about 4ml a day together with his food.

SOME PREMIUM DOG FEED CLAIMS "COMPLETE DIET" AND NO NEED SUPPLEMENTS. BEST TO CHECK PUPPY FOOD YOU BUY.
 
8. If I want to change his diet, I can only add increasing amount of the new diet to his old diet each day until the old diet is completely replaced. The puppy might reject the food if i were to change completely. CHANGE SMALL AMOUNT E.G. 20% GRADUALLY OVER 2 WEEKS.
 
9. Allow the puppy to rest about an hour before taking him for a walk or play with him.  DEPENDS ON YOUR ROUTINE/TIME-TABLE AND PUPPY'S HEALTH AND ENERGY AND TIME OF THE DAY.
 
10. I have a car parked in my porch. Usually, the owner returns at night and the engine sound is louder at night. Will it affect the puppy's hearing in long term? NO

Will
he get scared during the first few days in my house? If so, how can I solve this problem?  NERVOUS PERSONALITY TYPE WILL BE SCARED. OBSERVE AND SEE. BE AROUND WHEN THE CAR COMES INTO THE HOUSE AND GIVES ASSURANCE.
 
I will appreciate greatly if i can receive your reply soon. I can't wait for my puppy's arrival, at the same time, providing the best living condition for him at my place.
 
Hope to hear from you soon.

IN CONCLUSION, KEEP TOILET TRAINING SIMPLE AND GIVE A TIME-TABLE, POSITIVE TRAINING, 5-10 MINUTE OBEDIENCE TRAINING  AND SPEND TIME  WITH THE YOUNG ONE.   
 
Date: Tue, 30 Jun 2009 12:58:49 -0700
From: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Toilet Training questions
To: XXX

Pl see reply below.

--- On Mon, 6/29/09,XXX <XXX> wrote:
 


From:XXX <XXX>
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries
To: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Date: Monday, June 29, 2009, 1:12 PM

 

Hi Dr Sing
 
Thank you so much for your prompt reply.
 
Yes, the poo scoop is his pee and poo pan. As you mentioned, I should cover the entire area with newspapers including the pee pan and monitor the area where he eliminates for the first 1-3 days. Can I replace that area with the pee pan after that? 

YES. THE NEWSPAPERS WILL THEN BE COVERING THE PEE PAN. IN THAT WAY, THE FLOOR TILES ARE NOT SOILED. THAT IS THE PURPOSE OF USING THE PEE (AND POO) PAN. IN TOILET TRAINING BOOKS, THE WORD PEE PAN IS USED TO DESCRIBE THE PRODUCT. OBVIOUSLY, SOME DOGS MAY ALSO POO THERE.   
 
When I bring my puppy for a walk, it is common for him to eliminate outside. When he is fully 'pee pan' trained, will he ONLY eliminate on the pee pan? YES, BUT WITH POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT TRAINING AND A ROUTINE AT THIS IMPRESSIONABLE AGE.

For example, when i bring the dog out, he will not eliminate outside, instead eliminate the moment he reaches home? A VERY COMMON OBSERVATION BY OWNERS WHO HAVE TOILET-TRAINED THEIR PUPPIES INITIALLY ONTO PAPERS AND PEE PAN.
 
The best way for effective toilet training, is to clean up his mess as soon as possible and 'reward' him when he has done correctly. At what age can we expect a decrease in his elimination times?

AT AGE 6 MONTHS, EXPECT THE DOG TO ELIMINATE 2-3 TIMES A DAY, AFTER FEEDING (IN MANY DOGS) AND ON GOING OUTDOORS. FEEDING WILL BE RESTRICTED TO 10 MINUTES TWICE A DAY IN SUCH CASES. WATER MAY BE FREELY AVAILABLE. IN A FEW CASES, THE DOG JUST WILL HOLD ITS URINE TILL THE OWNER COMES HOME FROM WORK. IN OTHER CASES, THE DOG WILL GO TO THE PAPERS WHEN IT IS INDOORS OR WHEN IT RAINS AND THE OWNER DOES NOT BRING IT OUTDOORS TO ELIMINATE. SO, I CAN'T GENERALISE.  
 
Do up a routine timetable for regular feeding, excercising and sleeping. Do we need to leave a bowl of water for the puppy to drink before we sleep? NO, IF YOU WANT TO TRAIN THE PUPPY TO CONTROL ITS BLADDER OVERNIGHT.

Or can we give him water first thing in the morning?  YES, DURING BREAKFAST.  I intend to walk him before he eats his first meal, is it okay? YES. THIS ROUTINE TRAINS HIM TO GO OUT TO ELIMINATE.
 
Which is better? Cold milk or warm milk at night? NO DIFFERENCE IF THE DOG IS NOT HAVING DIARRHOEA DUE TO DRINKING MILK.
 
He will be in his play pen, safely secured with strong fences when no one is around. I will leash him when he's a little older, removing the fences and when he's able to walk about the porch with no damage, i will let him roam freely.  OK IF YOU START OBEDIENCE TRAINING TO AVOID CHEWING OF PLANTS ETC NOW.
 
What will happen if a puppy is 'over nourished'?  EXCESSIVE MULTIVITAMIN AND OTHER SUPPLEMENTATION OR FOOD RESULTS IN UNEVEN GROWTH OF BONES AND DEVELOPMENT.
 
Till your next reply, take care and god bless.
 
XXX

 
Date: Thu, 9 Jul 2009 13:54:35 -0700
From: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Toilet Training questions
To: XXX
See reply in CAPITAL LETTERS below.

--- On Thu, 7/9/09,XXX <XXX> wrote:

From:XXX <XXX>
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Toilet Training questions
To: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Date: Thursday, July 9, 2009, 5:05 PM

Hi Dr Sing
 
Thank you for your previous replies.
 
My golden puppy will be home on Wed. He will be 9 weeks old. I've been visiting him for the past 2 weeks. Out of the 4 pups, he is the darkest and the biggest. He was also the first pup to approach me. From what i observed, he will often look at his mother's direction and whine(already separated from the mother). As compared to the rest, he is less playful(still active) and less attention seeking. Will he suffer from separation anxiety?

UNLIKELY. "LOOKING AT MOTHER & WHINING" MAY BE A NORMAL BEHAVIOUR OF PUPPIES JUST WEANED. PUPPY MAY STILL BE RECEIVING MILK FROM THE DAM AND MAY BE WANTING TO SUCKLE. CHECK WITH BREEDER IF HE IS STILL SUCKING. IT IS NOT AN INDICATION OF SEPARATION ANXIETY. 

Will he take a longer time to get used to a new environment? I informed the breeder and he will further separate him from the rest about 3 days before I take him home. He's also starting to respond to his name and is always wagging his tail when he sees us(my boyfriend and I). But after a while, he will be restless and start to gaze at his mother's direction again. I have no problems with him being less active than the rest because he seems more obedient as well. He will try to gain attention from me when i play with another. All in all, is he a sad puppy?

A SAD PUPPY? MOST LIKELY AN INTROVERT IF WE CAN USE HUMAN BEHAVIOUR TO DESCRIBE PUPPIES.


 
I've decided to use a large cage till he is about 6-7 months. It is more secure than fences and more convenient since there's a potty tray underneath. I will take him out after meals(morning and night) so that he can eliminate outside. Restrict water before his bed time so that he can control his bladder overnight. When I'm home and if he needs to eliminate, I'll take him to his potty place at home. This is so that he will know where to eliminate at home when he can't control. Of course, these comes with consistency. 
 
I read from some online forums that I should restrict the crate area(in my case is cage area)to a space just enough for him to lie, stand and turn around. This is so that he will try not to dirty his sleeping area by eliminating in the cage.

CONFINEMENT TO A SMALL AREA IS THE KEY TO SUCCESS IN TOILET TRAINING

For my case, since there's a potty tray underneath, is it necessary?
NO. HE WILL EMLIMINATE IN A CORNER OF THE CRATE AND SLEEP IN A CLEAN CORNER, IN NORMAL PUPPIES.

Can I safely leave him alone during my sleeping time?  YES, IN THE CRATE.
 
As for the restricted places in my house especially the pond, I will train him using leash and correct him immediately if he tries to jump in or get near the pond.
POSITIVE TRAINING AND GIVE FOOD TREATS AS REWARDS ON SUCCESS
 
Can i bring him out for walks after second vaccine? YES PROVIDED HE DOES NOT CONTACT OTHER DOGS OR GO TO AN AREA WITH DOGS

 Or should i wait another month after his third vaccine?
 
What is the best age for puppies to socialise and go to obedience classes?
OPINIONS DIFFER. GENERALLY 3-6 MONTHS.

 
Till then, god bless
 
XXX

 

 
Date: Sun, 12 Jul 2009 13:16:19 -0700
From: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Puppy's behaviour
To: XXX

Hi
Puppy has a dominant personality. He likes to test you and if he accepts you as his boss, he will be obedient. You need to have a firm personality to be able to train him. Start training him when he reaches home. Hope this advice works. 

--- On Sun, 7/12/09,XXX <XXX> wrote:
 

From:XXX <XXX>
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Puppy's behaviour
To: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Date: Sunday, July 12, 2009, 2:42 PM

Hi Dr Sing
 
I saw my puppy today and it seems like he has become a little more active. I started cuddling the other puppies first and he started barking at me. Did he bark to get my attention or did he bark to say he's jealous? i brought a chew toy along and he was very much interested in it. The same thing, he barked the moment i took away the toy. When i brushed him, he tried to 'bite' my hand. His attention spent was very short. He laid at one corner just after a while.
 
I played with the other retriever puppies and found them to be 'less' demanding. All of them were very excited when they saw me and one even sat very still while wagging its tail when i was brushing him. Everytime when i tried to call them over, they responded. Mine, however doesn't respond sometimes. He saw my hand gestures but continue to lay down. One comforting thing is no matter where i stand around the 'playpen', he will lie down wherever i am at.
 
I'm worried that he might be a difficult puppy to handle. One which needs alot of attention, easy jealous, demanding and domineering. Most importantly, difficult to train. I'm still in love with him but i'm concerned about his behaviour. 
 
Another thing is he chews ALOT(as compared to his siblings). He's attempting to chew the grills of the cage and of cause trying to 'chew' me as well. I'm aware that puppies chew alot during teething but his siblings doesn't seem to be chewing that much. Is he growing and maturing faster than his siblings or it's just his temperaments?
 
Somehow or rather when he tried to jump up to bite his chew toy from me, i pointed his face, showed a very angry look and said a stern 'NO'. Amazingly, he seemed to understand and he didnt attempt jump. Was it just a wishful thinking on my part or does he really get it?
 
When my puppy barks regardless of whatever the reason is, should i ignore totally? I don't want him to bark at every little thing.
 
What should i do?
 
XXX

 
Date: Thu, 23 Jul 2009 17:21:15 -0700
From: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Puppy's behaviour
To: XXX

SEE REPLY BELOW. GOT TO RUSH.

--- On Thu, 7/23/09,XXX <XXX> wrote:

From:XXX <XXX>
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Puppy's behaviour
To: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Date: Thursday, July 23, 2009, 6:43 AM

Hi Dr Sing
 
My puppy finally arrived on Tuesday. We've been playing with him since then.
 
However, everytime when we put him back in the cage(esp in the day time), he whines and barks. This continues for about 5-10mins.
COMMON COMPLAINT FROM OTHER OWNERS TOO.


How can we stop this behaviour?
IGNORE HIM. COVER HIS CRATE WITH BLANKET OR PUT HIM INSIDE THE KITCHEN


Also, he doesnt eat his dry food. It's the same food which he eats at the farm. He drinks alot of water though. For the past few days, he reacted really well to chilled milk and some boiled chicken stock together with his dry food. How can be bring back his interest for his dry food?

IF YOU KEEP ON GIVING HIM CHICKEN STOCK ETC. YOU DON'T EXPECT HIM TO WANT TO TO EAT UNPALATABLE DRY FOOD.  YOU CAN MIX BOTH DRY AND SOUP AND SLOWLY REDUCE THE SOUP OR CANNED FOOD OVER 14 DAYS.
 
Till date, he's only slightly more than 2 months old and is weighing about 4.5kg. Is this a healthy weight?
 
HARD TO SAY WITHOUT SEEING THE PUPPY

We tried to train him but it seems like he's curious about everything except us. He tries to eat the plants and flowers too. Is he still too young to train?
NO


Instead of low fat milk, can we feed him full cream milk?
IF HE HAS NO DIARRHOEA AFTER DRINKING.
XXX

 
Date: Thu, 23 Jul 2009 17:21:15 -0700
From: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Puppy's behaviour
To: XXX

SEE REPLY BELOW. GOT TO RUSH.

--- On Thu, 7/23/09,XXX <XXX> wrote:

From:XXX <XXX>
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Puppy's behaviour
To: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Date: Thursday, July 23, 2009, 6:43 AM

Hi Dr Sing
 
My puppy is beginning to eat his dry food but only when we initiate it. He doesn't rush for his food and is also not so keen on treats. Most of the time, we find the food being toppled over in the cage. Also, he only eat late at night, during our sleeping hours because his plate will usually be empty in the morning. Is it okay for puppies to have such 'weird' eating time?

PROBABLY HE DOES NOT LIKE YOUR FOOD. HE EATS IT BECAUSE HE IS HUNGRY. OR PREVIOUSLY, HE GOT FED LATE AT NIGHT OR GIVEN FREELY TO EAT AS AND WHEN HE LIKES.
 
I take him out to poo and pee every morning, decreasing the number of accidents in the cage. However, he pees alot, easily 10 times a day, causing some accidents here and there. Can we decrease his water intake?

PEEING 10X A DAY IS COMMON AT THIS AGE. STOP WATER INTAKE AFTER  8PM
 
From what i observed, he either sleep or drink when he's alone. He never plays with his toys in the cage. How can we keep him occupied when he's alone?
 
PUPPIES NEED LOTS OF REST AND SLEEP. LET HIM BE DOING WHAT HE LIKES.

He whines everytime we put him back in the cage. The good news is he doesnt bark anymore, only occasional ones when we are out of his sight when he's out of the cage.
 
COMMON PROTESTS IN GOING BACK TO CAGE. MAYBE YOU CAN THROW IN A FOOD TREAT TO MAKE HIM FEEL HAPPIER TO BE CRATED.

It's been 5 days since we brought him back. He keeps scratching his neck(collar area) with his leg. We checked the neck area and it's perfectly fine. Is he feeling uncomfortable with his collar or he's really itching on his neck which is not observable?

MAY BE EAR MITES OR IRRITATION TO COLLAR. CHECK WITH VET.
 
We took him out for short walks but he keeps stopping along the way. This happen more often when there's more cars and people. How can we prevent this behaviour?

PUPPY IS NERVOUS ABOUT CARS AND PEOPLE. TAKE HIM TO QUIETER AREA FIRST TO GET HIM USED TO TRAFFIC NOISE AND PEOPLE.
 
He doesn't drag us or rather we are the ones dragging and urging him to move on. He seemed to be one nervous and scared puppy.
 
PUPPY HAD NOT BEEN SOCIALISED WELL AT YOUNGER AGE. MAY HAVE BEEN FRIGHTENED BY SOME INCIDENTS DURING THAT TIME WITH SELLER.  BE PATIENT. TAKES TIME.

He doesn't like car rides. He pooed twice during his first 2 rides. Now, we have to carry him and calm him at the same time when we enter the car. How can we improve on such situations?

FOOD TREATS AND PRAISES AT THE BEGINNING AND END OF CAR RIDE. MAKE SHORT RIDE FIRST AND GIVE REWARDS AT END OF JOURNEY. MAKE JOURNEY SHORT NOW. 

I'll lure him back into the cage with his toys, food and drink and leave. Will he not eat, drink and play with his toys in future, thinking that it might be a punishment? How can I lure him back into the cage willingly without him to whine?
 
PATIENCE AND TRAINING. PRAISE AND FOOD REWARDS. MOST PUPPIES DO NOT WANT TO BE CRATED. 

XXX

 
Date: Thu, 27 Jul 2009
From: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Puppy's behaviour
To: XXX

What is the breed of your puppy?
See reply below:

From: XXX
Subject: RE: first time dog owner enquiries - Puppy's behaviour
To: drsing_98@yahoo.com
Date: Sunday, July 26, 2009, 7:51 AM

Hi Dr Sing
 
My puppy is beginning to eat his dry food but only when we initiate it. He doesn't rush for his food and is also not so keen on treats. Most of the time, we find the food being toppled over in the cage. Also, he only eat late at night, during our sleeping hours because his plate will usually be empty in the morning. Is it okay for puppies to have such 'weird' eating time?

PROBABLY HE DOES NOT LIKE YOUR FOOD. HE EATS IT BECAUSE HE IS HUNGRY. OR PREVIOUSLY, HE GOT FED LATE AT NIGHT OR GIVEN FREELY TO EAT AS AND WHEN HE LIKES.
 
I take him out to poo and pee every morning, decreasing the number of accidents in the cage. However, he pees alot, easily 10 times a day, causing some accidents here and there. Can we decrease his water intake?

PEEING 10X A DAY IS COMMON AT THIS AGE. STOP WATER INTAKE AFTER  8PM
 
From what i observed, he either sleep or drink when he's alone. He never plays with his toys in the cage. How can we keep him occupied when he's alone?
 
PUPPIES NEED LOTS OF REST AND SLEEP. LET HIM BE DOING WHAT HE LIKES.

He whines everytime we put him back in the cage. The good news is he doesnt bark anymore, only occasional ones when we are out of his sight when he's out of the cage.
 
COMMON PROTESTS IN GOING BACK TO CAGE. MAYBE YOU CAN THROW IN A FOOD TREAT TO MAKE HIM FEEL HAPPIER TO BE CRATED.

It's been 5 days since we brought him back. He keeps scratching his neck(collar area) with his leg. We checked the neck area and it's perfectly fine. Is he feeling uncomfortable with his collar or he's really itching on his neck which is not observable?

MAY BE EAR MITES OR IRRITATION TO COLLAR. CHECK WITH VET.
 
We took him out for short walks but he keeps stopping along the way. This happen more often when there's more cars and people. How can we prevent this behaviour?

PUPPY IS NERVOUS ABOUT CARS AND PEOPLE. TAKE HIM TO QUIETER AREA FIRST TO GET HIM USED TO TRAFFIC NOISE AND PEOPLE.
 
He doesn't drag us or rather we are the ones dragging and urging him to move on. He seemed to be one nervous and scared puppy.
 
PUPPY HAD NOT BEEN SOCIALISED WELL AT YOUNGER AGE. MAY HAVE BEEN FRIGHTENED BY SOME INCIDENTS DURING THAT TIME WITH SELLER.  BE PATIENT. TAKES TIME.

He doesn't like car rides. He pooed twice during his first 2 rides. Now, we have to carry him and calm him at the same time when we enter the car. How can we improve on such situations?

FOOD TREATS AND PRAISES AT THE BEGINNING AND END OF CAR RIDE. MAKE SHORT RIDE FIRST AND GIVE REWARDS AT END OF JOURNEY. MAKE JOURNEY SHORT NOW. 

I'll lure him back into the cage with his toys, food and drink and leave. Will he not eat, drink and play with his toys in future, thinking that it might be a punishment? How can I lure him back into the cage willingly without him to whine?
 
PATIENCE AND TRAINING. PRAISE AND FOOD REWARDS. MOST PUPPIES DO NOT WANT TO BE CRATED. 

XXX

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