tpvets_logo.jpg (2726 bytes)TOA PAYOH VETS

Date:   12 February, 2010  
Focus: Small animals - dogs, cats, hamsters, guinea pig & rabbits.

Toa Payoh Vets Clinical Research
Making veterinary surgery alive
to a veterinary student studying in Australia
using real case studies and pictures

Dr Sing Kong Yuen, BVMS (Glasgow), MRCVS
12 February, 2010

Salivation after de-ticking by the groomer or the fumigation of a residence by pest controllers is a most common complaint distressful to the dog owner in Singapore. I did some research on de-ticking insecticides used by the groomers and members of the public.

Some 20 years ago, Sevin tick powder was sold for de-ticking. It was quite cheap. Nowadays, there are anti-tick and anti-flea spots on commonly available in pet shops. However, some dogs still get lots of ticks.

So the groomer is called in.  What is the most common insecticide being used by the groomer?  One of them is the Carrington Dog Wash Concentrate.  It is also  available for sale over the counter in some pet shops. It contains a pyrethroid insecticide. Many dog groomers use it for de-ticking. It must be used with care as it is poisonous to people if not properly used.

It is effective against ticks if used in correct amounts. One side effect is salivation after de-ticking. 

To prevent salivation due to licking after de-ticking, one groomer tells me that she uses the appropriate dosage and ensures that the dog wear an e-collar. She claims she has no problems with salivation. 

Carbamate poisoning in a dog.  Decontamination by thorough washing of the body and dilution of the poison using IV drip in the dog are advised.

The environment and the grass in the garden must be rid of ticks too. Otherwise reinfestation recurs.  Consult your vet if your dog has a heavy tick infestation. At Toa Payoh Vets, we do a clipping as well as a de-ticking for heavily infested dogs. Tick bites are also treated. Phone 6254-3326 for appointments.

P.S  A pyrethroid insecticide lasts some 2 weeks longer than a pyrethrin insecticide.

Non-chemical control is safe for the dog, the family and the environment but many time-pressed Singaporeans do not think this way. They just buy an insecticide from the pet shop or the internet, apply it on the skin between the shoulder blades of the dog and this method may keep the dog tick-free for a month. In time to come, they find that the insecticide does not work.

Non-chemical control is as follows:

1. Dog booties. The dog wears "shoes" when taken out to dog parks or outdoors to exercise.
2. On coming home, examine all the toes carefully for any small ticks attached to the skin between or below the toes. This simple method reduces tick infestation considerably in houses with gardens.
3. Groom the dog daily but this is asking too much.
4. Cut the grass short and trim the lawn.
5. Keep the dog in one part of the garden or kennel so that any tick infestation will be in one area.
6. Clip long coat short if there are many ticks.

Pest controllers in Singapore do a roaring trade fogging and spraying insecticide into every park and space to kill mosquitoes. All these insecticide just goes to our reservoirs and kills us in the years to come.

Morning Glory flower. Singapore. Toa Payoh VetsAs a dog owner, you can play a small part in not introducing more insecticide in your home or garden by using non-chemical methods to control ticks in your dogs. Surprisingly, fleas are uncommon in dogs as we don't use carpeted floors unlike the culture in Australia. Fleas are common in some stray cats in Singapore.

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 Clinical Research

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